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Prospect of peace agreement with Hezb-e-Islami

The presidency in response to recent media report that president Ghani regretted peace deal with Hezbi-e-Islami Hekmatyar, said it is unrealistic and not true.
Dawakhan Minapal, deputy spokesman for president Ghani said that the position of Mr. Ghani in relation to peace is well-defined and as president he has never regretted peace agreement with Islamic party.
He added that the agreement with Islamic party was signed and most importantly the name of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar was removed from UN blacklist too.

Minapal said, committee on the implementation of peace agreement with Islamic party are actively working to implement the all the provisions of the agreement, but the passage of time takes its full implementation and fulfillment.
The (8am newspaper) reported from a close source to the president before, that some of the condition of the Afghan government is not implemented by Islamic party and yet, great expectations of this Hezb is also not applicable and that is why the president regretted the agreement with Islamic party.

Regardless of whether the published report about president’s regret to sign the peace agreement with Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, leader of Hezbi-e-Islami, is basically right or not, the fact is that even if the report is correct, it does not affect the original agreement; because the Islamic party has achieved, all what is anticipated within the framework of this agreement.

Senior leaders and commanders of the party achieved full and unlimited judicial immunity under the shadow of the agreement, and will be acquitted of all charges against themselves in the field of involvement in humanity crimes of the years of passion and evil, and the scope of this will also include international sanctions against the leaders and commanders of the group; something that reflected in the recent vote of the UN security council about removing the name of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar from the blacklist of the organization, too.

In addition, according to the conducted agreement, all of the inmates of the party will be released from the prisons under the control of Afghanistan government. And the fields of absorbing armed militias of the party will also be provided to Afghanistan’s security and defense forces
At the same time, the government allegedly responsible to recruit the people and the men of Islamic party in sensitive and important government positions and the number one leaders of the group, including Gulbuddin Hekmatyar will give ratings and comments about important national and international issues related to Afghanistan, too.
In this regard, a number of experts pose this serious question that the people and government of Afghanistan in the face of so many remarkable and unilateral points granted to Hezb-e-Islami, what exactly is supposed to achieve?
Are the powers and influence of Islamic party on Afghanistan’s security and military relations and equations of battle field, to the extent that HAVE the value of delivering these exceptional concessions?

Is it really all commitments that are recorded on the paper by the leaders and representatives of the party negotiator, have the ability to run it practically? For example, to what extend can we be sure that peace with Hezb-e-Islami can demonstrably reduce violence and insecurity and conflict in the certain areas of the country?
Regardless of these questions, experts believe that Islamic party return to political process and their leaders giving up war and gun and anti-based violence to achieve their political and ideological goals and aspirations, necessarily does not guarantee restoration of peace and stability to the country; because on the basis of existing claims at least 20 other terrorist groups are active in Afghanistan, each of them has dozens of times power than Islamic party to disrupt security, settlement and political stability in Afghanistan and to continue the terror and slaughtering, bloodshed, destruction and violence serial.

While, the critics believe, reconciliation with the Islamic party and paving the way for their leaders to return to political and peaceful activities arena, did not reduce the potential risk of long-standing rivalries and grudges between parties and Jihadi rivals and there is also the possibility that by formal returning of Hezb-e-Islami leaders to current political process; front opposition decisions will be renewed between this party and other former Jihadi leaders and in this way, political stability will become precarious and vulnerable, more than ever.

Ali Rahil – (DID) news agency
Translated by: Taher Mojab

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