This means that the president and the chief executive officer (CEO) are not able to reach an agreement. The calculation of the president is that reaching an agreement with Dr. Abdullah does not have political interest for him.
The tension over new electronic Identity Cards (E-ID cards) and political consensus faded away, and there are signs of a political collapse which the International Community has been warning against it. The president switched the distribution of E-ID cards (Tazkiraz) without having the support of Dr. Abdullah Abdullah.
The CEO Abdullah openly opposed it. This means that the president and the chief executive officer (CEO) are not able to reach an agreement. The calculation of the president is that reaching an agreement with Dr. Abdullah does not have political interest for him.
The president might think that humiliating Abdullah’s faction is in his interest. There is also a less common point of view in discussions of media, on streets, and social networks. The polarization of the society has almost been uncovered.
It was expected that leaders of NUG would reach a political agreement before holding the parliamentary and districts elections. Interestingly, the president himself has always emphasized on political consensus, but he unilaterally launched the distribution of the cards.
The issue sabotaged the apparent consensus of the NUG. The president and the CEO openly take stance against each other. The president also clearly belittle the executive directorate, and lack of coordination between the presidency and executive directorate is responsible for many of the current crisis in the country.
In such a situation, there is no possible political agreement before holding the parliamentary and the presidential elections. The public’s expectation is to repeat the bitter experience of the past, putting the country into a political turmoil. It is not clear what programs the president has to manage such situation. Political confrontations at the end of the fourth year of the government are so evident that there is no hope for consensus.
The political disagreements will have devastating consequences for the country. Such collapse and frustration are always political. The political faction has failed to manage political status, then, government organizations collapsed. It is not clear why the president is not concerned regarding the issue. the United Nations and other international mediators for Afghanistan have called for a broad-based government since 1980. They always said that the way of controlling the conflict in Afghanistan was to form a state with broad political foundations in order to preserve its survival in any way. The agreement in “Bonn” that Ghani had contributed to the writing of the bill, was based on the same theory, the formation of a broad-based government.
The agreement signed between the president and the CEO in 2014 before taking power, was also based meant that government of Afghanistan should have a broad political base to guarantee its survival. The government was very fragile in the last four years and global mediation guaranteed it.
If there were no international mediation, then perhaps the government would not survive. Now the situation is such that one team cannot handle Afghanistan.
A political consensus should be formed. The distribution of e-ID cards, holding the parliamentary and the 2019 presidential election should be in line with a political consensus. There is still no reality in Afghanistan to reject the formation of a broad-based government.
Afghanistan suffers from insurgency, regional interference, historical weakness of a government, dependent economy and security crisis. In such a status, a political consensus is required more than ever. There is no way to go without a political agreement and a consensus will be achieved if the political forces would be flexible.
Faramarz Dawlat Abadi – (DID) news agency
Translated by Zaher Mahjob